APA Format: A How-To Style Guide With Examples
APA format is regarded as three main citation styles you’re very likely to encounter sooner or later throughout your education.
Specifically in psychology, education, additionally the sciences, APA format is the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, which is widely used into the humanities.
APA format definition
APA format is an style that is academic created by the American Psychological Association. It really is most frequently useful for scientific papers, especially research-based content.
APA format is recommended among many disciplines due to its emphasis and clarity on highlighting newer source material (for example. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Here are instructions and examples for formatting general the different parts of an APA formatted paper, including how to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.
Note: you can find the different parts of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you could find that section of these details is restated through the MLA guide; however, there are many components unique to APA alone and neither guide can substitute the other sufficiently.
General formatting guidelines in APA
- Your document must be keyed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The font that is standard Times New Roman, but some scholars prefer Arial.
- Your document’s margins must be one inch on all sides.
- A cover should be included by you page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
- You must include a running head (i.e. a page header) that sits towards the top of every page of your document.
- To create the head that is running use the “Insert Header” function on the word processor.
- Each page must certanly be numbered regarding the right hand side of the page inside the header that is auto-created. You will insert the title flush left in all caps.
- The title ought to be in title case; every word shouldn’t be capitalized.
- Your first and subsequent paragraphs should be indented one half inch from the left associated with document. You should use the TAB button function to indent instead of the room bar.
- There should only be one space after all marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already accounts for the room after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is inaccurate and antiquated.
Running head formatting is specific to APA and may not be useful for other citation types. To generate the head that is running ensure it shows up on every page of the document, use the “Insert Header” function in your word processor and then type the title of the paper flush left using all capital letters.
The head that is running a shortened form of your full paper title, which means that the running head should not exceed a lot more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.
The above example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (when it comes to title).
Your cover page ought to include the information that is following title regarding the paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (i.e. the university, college, or academic/professional institution for which you are writing your paper). You need to also include a head that is running left using the pagination flush right at the very top of one’s document.
Note: On the cover page, your head that is running will distinct from it does on all subsequent pages.
That it is the paper’s running head; on all other pages, you need not include these words in addition to your title as you can see, you must include the words “Running head” on your title page to indicate.
APA in-text citations are not dependent on container (e.g. book, article). Citations must certanly be in parentheses and placed at the conclusion of a sentence before the period, whether paraphrasing or citing a quote that is direct.
APA format follows the author-date style: (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma http://essaywritersite.com/write-my-paper-for-me amongst the two elements. If referencing a specific spot in the text, you are encouraged to make use of exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number when you look at the parentheses following the year.
All citations, no matter container, are formatted exactly the same for in-text citations in APA. There’s absolutely no variance centered on container as is true for MLA style.
Note: you will find different requirements that are formatting short vs. long quotations in APA.
General in-text citation rules:
- Titles of source material must be capitalized (that is not the full case in the References page); all words four letters or longer also needs to be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
- Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not merely the word that is first
- The first word directly after a colon or dash is capitalized
- All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) should be italicized
Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the name that is author’s year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You might either use the author’s name that is last the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or are the author’s last name into the parentheses directly.
Long, direct quotations (40 words or more) should really be printed in block format without quotation marks. The quotation has to start on a line that is new another half inch inward (where a fresh paragraph would naturally begin. All lines that are subsequent be indented as such. Long quotes should really be double-spaced just like the rest of your document, and also the parenthetical citation begins after the final punctuation mark associated with the quotation.
General format for long quotations:
King (1986) noted:
A small boy in a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along next to the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, but it was finally slackening. It tapped regarding the yellow hood of this boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears just like the rain in the shed roof. (p. 3)
Your APA-formatted Reference page is where the extended, detailed versions of most references used through your essay or research paper are.
For each container down the page, you will discover a formula that is general citing the source in your Reference page along side an example.
General Reference page rules:
- Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the line that is firstsecond and subsequent lines in one reference must certanly be indented)
- Author names should really be in Last name format that is first initialfor as much as six authors of one given work)
- All reference entries must be in alphabetical order
- Any books or materials compiled by exactly the same author(s) should really be listen in chronological order from oldest to most recent
- Use whatever capitalization and punctuation can be used by an container that is original no matter if not ‘standard’